Education is a vital weapon of a people striving for economic emancipation, political independence and cultural renaissance. We are such a people. Philippine education therefore must produce Filipinos who are aware of their country's problems, who understand the basic solution to these problems, and who care enough to have courage to work and sacrifice for their country's salvation.
A writer is a citizen; and as citizen he must safeguard his civil rights and liberties. Life is a collective work and also a social reality. Therefore the writer must participate with his fellow man in the struggle to protect, to brighten, to fulfill life. Otherwise he has no meaning - a nothing.
Originally published in Teacher's Journal 5 (May-June 1951): 1-18. Transcribed from On Becoming Filipino (Edited by E. San Juan Jr.) (April 1995): 115-123. The growth of Philippine culture is closely linked with its political and economic history. It was a long-drawn and encumbered movement, but is was also a continuous and courageous struggle toward reality. [...]